Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

WHAT IS ATOPIC DERMATITIS/ECZEMA?

Atopic dermatitis is a long-term skin disorder characterized by itching, inflammation, and scaling.  It is most common in infants and often seen on the face and cheeks. Fortunately, most atopic dermatitis in infants clears up by the time the child is 18 months old.  Most children with persistent atopic dermatitis have flat, red itchy areas in the creases of their elbows and wrists as well as behind their ears and knees, though it can occur in other locations. It also occurs in adults, generally as a chronic or recurring condition. There is often a family history of hay fever, psoriasis, asthma, eczema, or another allergy-related disorder.

Neurodermatitis (also called scratch dermatitis) is a type of atopic dermatitis that involves the scratch-itch cycle: an itch causes scratching behavior, increasing itchiness, leading to more itching and more scratching. Lichen simplex chronicus is the localized form of neurodermatitis in which chronic scratching leads to thickening of the skin and for the skin to develop a leathery texture.  Neurodermatitis can be triggered by something that irritates the skin or by eczema, psoriasis, stress, or anxiety.

POSSIBLE SYMPTOMS:

  • Blisters (with possible oozing, crusting, redness, and/or inflammation)
  • Intense itching
  • Rash
  • Dry skin
  • Leathery skin
  • Raw skin
  • Inconsistent skin pigmentation
  • Ear discharge or bleeding

SUMMARY

If you are experiencing atopic dermatitis, the allergists at NY Allergy & Sinus Centers can help.  We will also help you find relief for your asthma, nasal and sinus problems, respiratory allergies, ear, nose, and throat (ENT) symptoms, and skin conditions. Call us today at  212-686-4448 for an appointment.